जापानको न्याय मन्त्रालयले अवैधानिक शरणार्थीमा रोक लगाउनको लागि आवेदन दिएको ६ महिनापछि काम गर्न नपाउने व्यवस्था ल्याउने निर्णय गरेको छ । मन्त्रालयले हालै जारी गरेको एक विज्ञप्तिमा यही जनवरी १५ तारिख पछाडि अल्पकालिन तथा प्रशिक्षार्थी भिषाबाट शरणार्थीका आवेदकहरूलाई ४ समूहमा विभाजन गरिने बताइएको छ । अावेदन दिएको २ महिनाभित्र नै समूहमा विभाजन गरी समूह अनुसार काम गर्न नपाउने व्यवस्था गर्न लागिएको विज्ञप्तिमा उल्लेख गरिएको छ ।
पहिलो समूहमा वास्तविक शरणार्थी हुन सक्ने सम्भावितहरु, दोस्रो समूहमा शरणार्थी बन्न सक्ने प्रयाप्त र स्पष्ट आधार नभएकाहरू, तेस्रो समूहमा एउटै कारणदेखाइ पुन आवेदन दिनेहरु र चौथो समूहमा अन्य गरी समूह विभाजन गरिने जनाएको छ ।
दोस्रो र तेस्रो समूहमा परेका आवेदकहरुलाई बस्ने तथा काम गर्ने अनुमति नदिई तुरून्तै फिर्ता पठाउने प्रक्रिया गरिने जनाएको छ ।
छोटो अवधिमा नै धेरै पैसा कमाउने लक्ष्य लिएर विद्यार्थी तथा प्रशिक्षार्थी भिषा त्यागेर नक्कली शरणार्थी बन्नेहरुको भने काम गर्ने अनुमति नदिने नै निर्णय गरेको बताएको छ । पहिलो समूहको वास्तविक शरणार्थी हुन सक्ने सम्भावितहरुलाई भने काम गर्न अनुमति दिइने कुरा समाचारमा उल्लेख छ । २०१७ सालको १ देखि ९ महिनासम्म शरणार्थी आवेदकहरुको संख्या १४ हजार ४३ जना रहेको छ । अघिल्लो वर्षको तुलनामा १ दशमलव ८ प्रतिशतले वृद्धि भएको हो ।
अघिल्लो वर्षसम्म आवेदकहरुको आवेदनमाथि निर्णय हुन सरदर ९ दशमलव ९ महिना लागेको बताइएको छ । एक पटक अस्वीकृत भएपनि पुनः कारण परिवर्तन गरेर पुनरावेदन गर्नेहरू पनि रहेका छन् ।
यसैगरि जापानको चर्चित अनलाइन जापानटाइम्सले पनि यो समाचारलाई प्राथमिकतामा राखेको छ ।
Japan toughens screening rules for refugees; automatic work permits ditched
The Justice Ministry announced on Friday a set of new measures to toughen its refugee screening processes as it attempts to crack down on what it sees as a flood of unskilled laborers in Asia who abuse the system to land jobs in Japan.
All applicants with a valid visa status are given a work permit six months after applying, followed by a lengthy screening processes to be recognized as refugees. Until the final judgment, applicants are allowed to work in Japan.
The ministry said it will abolish the work permit starting Monday, claiming it has been abused by numerous immigrant workers whose real goal is to work in Japan for longer periods.
Under the new rules, the ministry will divide applicants into three categories and quickly give work permits to those deemed highly likely to be recognized as refugees.
Meanwhile, those who cite reasons that the ministry says do not fit a 1951 refugee convention could face deportation, officials said.
These include people who seek refugee status simply to land jobs and those who appear to be fleeing financial trouble, the ministry said.
The U.N. Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines refugees as individuals who possess a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group.”
The government strictly interprets this convention and does not accept applicants who cite only economic difficulties. Those who apply for refugee status three times without legitimate grounds are liable to be deported or sent to a detention center.
But under the new rules, some first-time applicants could face deportation if the ministry determines they don’t meet the criteria stipulated in the 1951 convention.
The ministry also will no longer give temporary work permits to those who come to Japan with student visas or as part of the technical intern program — and then apply for refugee status when those visas expire.
The Justice Ministry claims the new rules were drawn up to help quickly identify those who are truly in need under the 1951 convention, because a flood of job-seekers abusing the system has considerably delayed the screening system for other applicants.
But Eri Ishikawa, board chair of the Japan Association for Refugees, fears that toughening conditions for work permits sought by those seeking refugee status may especially hurt those facing financial strain.
“In order for them to survive, they will desperately need financial support or work permission,” she said.
Some legitimate political asylum-seekers come to Japan with student or technical trainee visas. The new rules would make it even more difficult for them to gain refugee status, he said.
Meanwhile, Shogo Watanabe, a lawyer who heads the Japan Lawyers Network for Refugees, doubts that the Immigration Bureau, overseen by the Justice Ministry, has enough manpower to quickly categorize numerous applicants and determine who needs protection under the 1951 convention.
In 2016, the Justice Ministry saw a record high 10,901 apply for refugee status. Of that figure, Japan granted the status to only 28 individuals, saying the rest did not meet standards set by the 1951 convention.
The ministry says that in the first nine months of 2017, only 29 applicants were from countries considered a major source of refugees, such as Syria, while the largest portion came from the Philippines, followed by Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Nepal.
Applicants are informed of their results within 9.9 months on average, figures show, and the appeal process takes nearly two years.